Information technology can be delineated as the use of computing with various components such as hardware, services, software etc. to develop, manage, convert, distribute and store information in various forms. Examples of components of information technology include the following:

  • Services
  • Software
  • Infrastructure
  • Hardware

Careers in information technology deals with the design, creation, maintenance and management of the various components of the system.

Careers in Information Technology

Careers in IT can be broadly divided into two main fields of Hardware and Software. In hardware, we have manufacturing, maintenance, research and development, and management. In software we have manufacturing, development, programming, software testing, and maintenance and support. Other related areas are computer operations, database administration and management.

Top 5 careers in demand

  • AI Architect
  • Data Scientist
  • Data Analyst
  • Software Developer
  • Information Security Analyst


Artificial intelligence (AI) has come to define society today in ways we never assumed. AI makes it possible for us to unlock our smartphones with our faces, ask our virtual assistants queries and receive vocal answers, and can have our unwanted emails filtered to a spam folder without even having to address them.

The impact of machine learning and AI doesn’t get over at the capability to make the lives of individuals easier, however. These programs have been developed to certainly impact almost every industry through the establishment of business processes.

What is artificial intelligence?

The term Artificial Intelligence has many undertones, depending on the specific industry it is used in. The capability for a computer to replicate human-like behavior is the core of all AI functions.

Job Responsibilities of AI Architect

AI Architect needs to have a strong understanding of the data itself including the study of managing, evaluating, and storing it as well as the skills needed to adequately communicate findings through visualization. AI Architect have a positive career outlook. These roles can earn an average salary of 4268213 INR per year.


Data scientists are analytical experts who use their skills in both technology and social science to find the latest trends and manage data. They use industrial knowledge, circumstantial understanding, and the reluctance of existing presumptions to uncover solutions to business challenges.

A data scientist’s work typically involves making sense of chaotic, disorganized data, from sources such as smart devices, social media feeds, and emails that don’t accurately fit into a database.

They work cross-functionally with other units throughout their organization, such as marketing, customer success, and operations. They are highly desired in today’s data and tech abundant economy, and their salaries and job hike clearly echo that. Data science is a wide branch with a lot of opportunities.


Generally a data analyst will recapture and collect data, formulate it and use it to reach meaningful conclusions. A Data Analyst’s work differ depending on the type of data they’re working with either sales, social media, inventory etc. as well as the individual client project. The intuitions that data analysts bring to an organization can be asset to employers who want to know more about the needs of their buyers or end user.

Regardless of the organization they work with, data analysts can foresee to spend their time developing systems for gathering data and compiling their discoveries into reports that can help advance their company.

In a data analyst job role, you would be included in everything from setting up an analytics system to giving observations based on the data you fetch you may even be inquired to train others in your data collection system.

Now you have a notion of what data analysts do in general, you’re ripe to dig into the piece of life on the job as a data analyst.


Software developers design, and build computer programs. A few develop new applications for mobile or desktop use, while others build elemental operating systems. Either way, software developers determine user needs, make programs, test out new software, and make progressive changes. Working jointly with computer programmers, software developers fill central roles in the computer systems, manufacturing, finance, and software broadcast industries.

Software developers use diverse source debuggers and visual development surroundings to revise, write, and debug software for client applications. They also archive and test client software and write code to create applications that either stand alone or advance access to servers and services.

Many companies want the candidates to have experience in the related field and a bachelor’s degree in software development, computer programming, information technology, or computer science. Software developers mostly work in office settings, and many also handle as information technology specialists in extension to their software development roles within a company.

 Software developers need to have a strong command of major programming languages such as Java, .NET, Python, Php, C++, Sql etc. Software Training Institutes in Kerala provides the platform to learn and master skills in programming.


An information security analyst is the one who takes plans to protect a company’s confidential and mission-demanding data, staying one step forward of cyber attackers. They do this by coming up with inventive solutions to counter critical information from being robbed, flawed or negotiated by hackers.

Security Analysts are responsible for analyzing data and suggesting changes to higher ups, but do not enable and enforce changes. Their main task is keeping attackers out.

With the ascent in hackers and data breaches radically throughout companies and the government, there’s a greater need to keep personal and top-secret information secured from Cyber Attacks. Information security analysts help enlarge, achieve, and protect allegiance of policies to protect an organization’s data from being unseemly approached or used, by constructing firewalls and enciphering data transmissions to secure private information as it is being received or transmitted.

Information security analysts focus on three main areas:

  • Risk assessment:- Identifying issues an organization might face
  • Vulnerability assessment:-Resolving  an organization’s weaknesses
  • Defense planning :- Building protections, such as firewalls and data encryption programs

Information security analysts organize plans to prevent any malicious or unintended use of data, create plans for emergency use. Along with these duties, they may also be tasked with going over knowledge on viruses and assure virus protection is in place. If your interested area is information security then you have handful of opportunities to study areas such as ethical hacking that can be used legally to support and protect government organizations.



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